Sunday, February 24, 2013

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Les Miserables

Les Miserables: What makes people cry in films?

SPOILER ALERT: Lucy Wallis and an audience are filmed watching Les Miserables. Where will they cry?
Oscar-nominated Les Miserables has joined the pantheon of movies that make people cry. But what things make people blub in the cinema?
(Spoiler warning - piece contains extensive plot details)
There was always a hint in the title that Les Miserables could make you feel at times - well miserable.
As a self-confessed Les Mis fan, there was always something that struck me about this musical based on Victor Hugo's 19th Century novel - I always cry at the same moments.
But it is not just me. I started to notice others in the audience at the West End musical rustling for the tissues among the empty sweet wrappers in their pockets at the same time.
In a non-scientific study I wanted to see if these "teardrop" moments also applied to the Oscar-nominated film, and so I went along to a screening of the movie with some fellow film-goers where our reactions were filmed using night-vision cameras.
The musical has been seen by more than 60 million people worldwide.
Anne Hathaway as FantineAnne Hathaway is tipped for Oscar success for her role as Fantine
"Les Miserables is known for causing people immense emotional response. So people go expecting to be moved and are prepared to let themselves go," says psychologist Averil Leimon.
The story - a tale of revolution, love, desperation and redemption - is set in post-revolutionary France and follows the lives of characters Jean Valjean, Fantine, Cosette, Marius and Eponine.
It is only a short while into the film when the first tear-jerker moment arrives and the tears uncontrollably stream down my face. Fantine is betrayed by her fellow factory workers for having an illegitimate daughter and is dismissed into a life of despair. I feel frustrated for her.
"Witnessing unfairness and injustice causes a stress reaction," says Leimon. "It springs from instinctual, evolutionarily determined responses at brain level rather than from logical assessment of the facts. It is something so fundamental to us that we are outraged, even when we know that other people do not necessarily hold the same moral values as us."
Samantha Barks plays EponineEponine longs to be loved - something every human being aspires to
Fantine's hopeless struggle to protect her child is painful to watch and Leimon says that mothers in particular can be more likely to identify with Fantine's agony.
"They are not so much thinking about the mother and child on screen but about the immense pain they would feel if in that situation themselves."
There is no respite from the sorrow and in a desperate attempt to get money to support her daughter, Fantine sells her long hair. The moment it's cut off can be especially difficult for women to watch, says Leimon.
"Hair is such a signifier of femininity. It has such an intimate connection with the individual that even though she chose this action, we perceive it as an invasion."
Leimon says we often identify long hair with youth, so we perceive Fantine as ageing.
Having been drawn into prostitution to raise money for her child, Fantine reflects on her broken dreams and the lover who left her in the song I Dreamed a Dream. Here for many people the full waterworks come on.

Brief plot synopsis

Jean Valjean (Hugh Jackman), is imprisoned for 19 years for stealing a loaf of bread. He breaks his parole and becomes a respectable citizen and mayor, but he is ruthlessly hunted by InspectorJavert (Russell Crowe)
Fantine (Anne Hathaway) works in Valjean's factory but loses her job after having an an illegitimate child. She falls into prostitution to raise money for her daughter, Cosette (Amanda Seyfried), who is looked after by unscrupulous innkeepers Monsieur and Madame Thenardier (Sacha Baron Cohen and Helena Bonham Carter)
Valjean discovers Fantine dying and takes Cosette away from the Thenardiers. Nine years later she falls in love with Marius (Eddie Redmayne) a student fighting in the 1832 Paris uprising. ButEponine (Samantha Barks), the Thenardiers' daughter is also in love with him.
Marius and the other students erect barricades. Eponine is killed saving Marius's life. The students are defeated - Valjean rescues an injured Marius and drags him through the sewers. They are confronted by Javert who lets Valjean carry Marius to safety. Torn between his civic and moral duties, Javert kills himself.
Marius recovers and marries Cosette. Valjean meanwhile flees and dies in a convent. The spirits of all the fallen characters are seen at the barricade.
For Anne Hathaway who plays the character onscreen, this moment was recognition that Fantine, who she says is a dreamer, has lost part of her soul.
"When she says now life has killed the dream I dreamed there's no turning back," Hathaway says. "Once something's dead it's dead, and that is the moment for her when she gives up everything she knows about herself that she holds dear."
We cannot be comforted by any type of optimism and it is the music in particular that incites the sense of loss according to Mary Hammond, Sondheim Professor of Musical Theatre Vocal Studies at the Royal Academy of Music. Hammond was one of the vocal coaches who worked with the first cast of Les Miserables in London's West End.
"The way we produce the voices in Les Miserables is not quasi-classical technique. We were exploring how your voice had to express what you were feeling… As I understand it the original characters all came out of acting improvisation, so the original people that did it all developed those characters with the director."
It is likely that everyone on some level might experience the sadness of what it feels like when life does not go to plan, as with Fantine's dreams, and it is the gap between desired and actual experience, according to Leimon, that makes us so upset.
With red eyes and not enough time to recover from this epic song, we move quickly on to the next teary moment - Fantine's death. As her path crosses with Valjean, he promises to look after her daughter, but in her delirium Fantine imagines her child Cosette is playing beside her - a moment which brings on another flood of tears.

More from the Magazine

Scene from Toy Story 3
Middle-aged men are not "supposed" to cry during movies.
But there's a been a groundswell of admissions that Toy Story 3 is having just such an effect, and that it might be part of a growing trend of more subtle emotion inducing on the silver screen.
A dying parent's goodbye to a child is a classic moment in a slew of tear-jerkers. Take the death of Emma, played by Debra Winger, in Terms of Endearment, as she says farewell to her two children.
Fantine is so young. It's what makes the death of Jenny (Robin Wright) in Forrest Gump poignant for audiences.
We are often protected from witnessing death in real life, says Leimon. Add to this the fact that major life events tend to happen over a period of years in real life, whereas in the cinema they are all condensed into a couple of hours, and it's easier to explain the "constantly heightened emotional state" of some viewers.
Under Valjean's protection, Cosette grows up and falls in love with Marius, a revolutionary student who fights on the barricades for the rights of the poor in the anti-monarchist Paris Uprising of 1832.
But this is a heart-breaking love triangle and Eponine, Marius's friend, dripping wet in the rain, imagines what it must be like to be in a relationship with him in the song On my Own. Romantic entanglements can also prompt tears.
"By the time we reach adulthood we are geared to look for love. To find it but not have it returned is tragic," says Leimon.
Hugh Jackman as Jean ValjeanJean Valjean struggles to free himself from persecution despite his moral virtues
For Hammond, the song always invokes the feeling of wanting to escape from everyday life. It is this sense of escape that people can relate to.
With no time to recover from our snivels, Eponine follows Marius to the barricades to fight alongside him, is shot and dies in his arms. It's on a par with the scene where Nicole Kidman's character Satine dies in Ewan McGregor's arms in Moulin Rouge.
The next teary-eyed moment involves Marius and his fellow students as they fight a losing battle with the National Guard and are slaughtered on the barricades.

Victor Hugo's France

Les Miserables film cast
Hugo wrote Les Miserables against a backdrop of revolution. The novel is set between 1815 and 1832 and ends with the 1832 Paris Uprising, or June Rebellion, by student societies against the rule of King Louis-Philippe.
The rebellion was driven by economic problems including food shortages, a cholera epidemic and an increase in living costs. The death of the liberal politician Jean Maximilien Lamarque, a critic of Louis-Philippe, triggered the insurrection in which it is thought there were a total of 800 casualties.
Fictionalised struggle affects people emotionally in an echo of the way real struggle does. Scenes like this can particularly affect men, Leimon suggests.
The death of the young in battle has been a tear-inducing theme in hundreds of films. Think of Saving Private Ryan, when a dying Captain Miller (Tom Hanks) turns to Private Ryan with the words "earn this... earn it", demanding his death not be in vain.
I am emotionally exhausted, but then we come to it - the final and biggest teary-eyed scene in the film - the death of protagonist Jean Valjean. Haunted by his past, Valjean flees to a convent and in his dying moments sees the spirit of Fantine appear to him.
We know he is about to die, but why is this so painful to watch?
"We have identified so intensely, seen more of that person and their emotions than we may have with our family and friends, that we have short circuited the process of bonding that would take a lot longer in real life," says Leimon.
By the end of the film I was an emotional wreck, but I did not feel sad and maybe this is the eternal appeal of this production. Although it can tap into your most primal anxieties and fears, you can still want to watch it all over again.
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Saturday, February 16, 2013



Yes, this is the year 2013.

And yes, in New Zealand they still think there are witches... From NZ Herald today Feb 17.

Didn't they burn herbalists at the stake in Salem for the same reason?

A naturopath believes her profession is being slandered with the term witchcraft.

It has come about after the Whanganui District Health Board scrapped a natural therapy clinic, because a senior practitioner believed witchcraft was being practised.

The clinic offered free treatments to staff including meditation, massage and energy healing.

President of the Association of Medical Herbalists Leanne Halliwell said medical professionals and natural healers should be able to work together.

"What are the doctors afraid of?

"They're afraid of being able to allow people to practice spiritual-based medicine, without calling it witchcraft.''

- Newstalk ZB

Thursday, February 14, 2013


Central Russia hit by meteor shower in Ural region

Breaking news
A meteor shower in central Russia has caused some injuries and shattered windows, reports say.
Brightly burning rocks could be seen for hundreds of kilometres as they crashed into the Ural region.
Chelyabinsk residents reported the ground shook, windows shattered and car alarms were set off during the shower.
"A meteorite exploded above the Chelyabinsk region," an emergencies ministry spokesman told Interfax, while one report spoke of several injuries.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Saturday, February 9, 2013

Andromeda Galaxy

When you consider how tiny Earth is compared to galaxies you realize other life forms already exist out there, watching us and waiting for us to find peace


Sometimes the cat's got my tongue

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Tuesday, February 5, 2013


Whenever it snows too much
Or is too gray
I think of color
And gardens
Like this one
Is in the eye of the beholder